Findings that Move Us

41%

of Black-owned businesses have been

shuttered by COVID-19

Shuttered by COVID-19 41%

FARMING

  • The average size of the 2.04 million American farms is 441 acres
  • Of all private U.S. agricultural land, 96 percent of farmland owners are white, controlling 97 percent of all farmland value, and 98 percent of the acres.
  • Four minority groups (Blacks, American Indians, Asians, and Hispanics) own over 25 million acres of agricultural land, with a value of over $44 billion: Blacks possess 7.8 million acres ($14.4 billion), American Indians 3.4 million private acres ($5.3 billion), and Hispanics nearly 13 million acres ($18 billion).
  • The average size of black-operated farms is approximately 132 acres; the average size of white-operated farms is xxxx
  • Black Americans own just 1% of rural land nationwide. While 13.4% of the country’s population is Black or African American, Black farmers make up 1.34% of all farm producers.
  • Black farmers have historically faced race-based lending discrimination when applying for loans from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), which often denied loan applications from Black farmers, delayed the loan process or allotted them insufficient funds. 

FORESTRY

photography of tall trees at daytime
  • Of the over 4 million family forest ownerships with 10+ acres in the United States, minorities comprise only 6.6 percent of the ownerships and own 5.1 percent of the 265 million acres.
  • Although studies have looked at the sizes of [regional forestry] holdings… [studies have] found that African American forest owners had significantly smaller forest holdings than white family forest owners (averaging 153 acres versus 475 acres, respectively).
  • Engaging African American landowners in forestry has been an enduring challenge because of historical discrimination, ownership issues such as heirs’ property, lack of experience with, and distrust of, the forestry profession, limited use of technical and financial assistance, and difficulties and predatory practices associated with harvesting timber.

HOSPITALITY

  • According to Davonne Reaves, Hospitality Strategist at The Vonne Group, less than two percent of hotels across the country are currently owned by Black people.

CAMPING

  • There are no Black owned campgrounds/glamping venues in California 
  • “As a general rule, the National Park Service decided in the mid-1930s that they would abide by local law and custom in the states. So in Northern states, there were no segregated facilities provided… but in those parts of the country where segregation was enforced, park officials decided that they would accommodate segregation. And so the states that were affected included the 11 former states of the Confederacy, as well as border states, like Kentucky and Maryland and Missouri and West Virginia.”